DNS Filtering

DNS filtering

Twingate provides native DNS filtering capabilities for every user in your Twingate Network running the macOS, Windows, or Linux Client. DNS filtering uses DNS-over-HTTPS (DoH). See the DoH documentation for more information on what options are available for secure DNS.

Just like DoH, Twingate DNS filtering will intercept and filter all DNS traffic with no configuration changes required other than running the Twingate Client.

DNS filtering gives you the ability to control what websites your users can access. By default, DNS filtering will automatically protect your users from a wide range of potential security threats, blocking sites known to host phishing, distribute malware, and more.

Additionally, you can use DNS filtering to restrict what kinds of content your users can access, restricting access to things ranging from unauthorized SaaS apps to websites not appropriate for work.

How DNS filtering works

DNS (the Domain Name System) is a distributed system used to associate domains like twingate.com with IP addresses like 203.0.113.42. DNS servers store DNS records, which are the mappings from a domain name to an IP address (in addition to other kinds of information).

When using Twingate DNS Filtering, you’re connected to Twingate’s DNS servers. In addition to answering DNS queries, Twingate will block queries for blocked websites. For example, if evil.example is blocked, a user trying to access evil.example won’t find a matching IP address and, consequently, won’t be able to visit the domain.

Since DNS filtering works on the DNS layer, all kinds of traffic, e.g. HTTPS traffic, SSH connections and more, will be blocked from blocked domains.

Configuring DNS filtering

To enable DNS filtering, navigate to the “Internet Security” tab in the Admin Console. If Secure DNS is disabled, enable Secure DNS and choose “Twingate DNS Filtering”. If Secure DNS is already enabled, change your DNS-over-HTTPS resolver to “Twingate DNS Filtering”.

Allowing and blocking specific domains

Domains can be allowed and blocked by adding them to the allowlist and denylist respectively. To configure the allowlist or denylist, click on the option under “Filtering Preferences”.

Then, in the modal that appears, add and remove domains from the allowlist and denylist as needed.

The allowlist takes precedence over all other filtering rules, i.e. domains added to the allowlist will be permitted no matter what.

Blocking security threats

Twingate has the ability to block the following categories of security threats:

  • Threat Intelligence Feeds - includes domains hosting malware, phishing, and more.
  • Google Safe Browsing - includes malicious domains flagged by Google Safe Browsing.
  • DNS rebinding - includes domains that return IP address in private IP ranges.
  • IDN homograph attacks - includes domains that use homoglyphs, e.g. substituting the Cyrillic “е” for the Latin “e”.
  • Typosquatting - includes domains that use typos of popular domains.
  • Domain generation algorithms - includes generated domains used to host malicious content.
  • Newly registered domains - includes domains registered within the last 30 days.
  • Parked domains - includes parked domains that may be hosting malicious content.

To configure which categories are enabled, click on “Security Categories” to open up the configuration modal. By default, all categories except newly registered domains are enabled.

Blocking content categories

Content categories are a quick way to block many domains based on the content that they host. Twingate can block the following content categories:

  • Gambling - includes domains that host content related to gambling.
  • Dating - includes dating websites.
  • Adult content - includes sexually explicit and other adult content.
  • Piracy - includes content related to piracy and copyright-infringement.
  • Social media - includes social media sites, but does not include messaging apps.
  • Games - includes online gaming websites and applications.
  • Streaming sites - includes streaming sites like YouTube, Netflix, and more.
  • Force Safe Search - forces safe search on major search engines and blocks search engines where safe search cannot be forced.
  • YouTube safe mode - forces YouTube safe mode to block mature videos.

To configure which content categories are filtered, click on “Content Restrictions” to open up the configuration modal.

Add privacy protection

Twingate can also provide a layer of privacy protection via DNS filtering. Currently, the following options are available:

  • Block disguised third-party trackers - blocks disguised third-party trackers that disguise themselves as first-party trackers.
  • Block affiliate & tracking links - blocks affiliate and tracking domains common on monetized websites and emails. Note that blocking tracking links may make it harder to interact with or unsubscribe from emails as many email links are tracking links.
  • Block ads and trackers - blocks ads and (non-disguised) trackers using regularly updated and exhaustive lists.

To configure privacy protection, click on “Privacy Protection” to open up the configuration modal. Note that blocking ads, trackers, and tracking links may lead to certain sites not functioning as expecting.

DNS filtering logs

Filtering Analytics

Filtering analytics shows a 90 day, 30 day, or 7 day summary of your DNS filtering activity, including the total number of DNS queries, the number of blocked queries, and the percentage of queries that were blocked.

Recent DNS Activity

Recent DNS activity shows a log of recent DNS filtering events. Logs can be quickly filtered to show all activity, which includes allowed and blocked domains, and just blocked domains. Clicking into an event will show more details, include the device’s IP address and, if a domain was blocked, the reason for a domain being blocked.

FAQ

How do I know if a domain is blocked by DNS filtering?

Blocked domains can be viewed in the “Recent DNS Activity” logs on the Secure DNS page. You can filter the DNS filtering logs for just blocked events to quickly see which domains have been blocked.

For end users, domains that are blocked by DNS filtering will not be accessible to users running the Twingate Client when DNS filtering is enabled. A blocked domain will behave the same as a domain that doesn’t exist. For example, if blocked.example is blocked, opening it in a web browser will result in an error that the site can’t be reached.

How can I allow users to access a blocked domain?

If a domain is blocked and it shouldn’t be, add that domain to the allowlist.

How do I keep DNS filtering running all of the time for my users?

By default, DNS filtering will run whenever a user is signed into the Twingate Client. To keep DNS filtering running all the time, even when no user is signed in, set up Internet Security Client Configuration.

If a user is signed out, their DNS filtering logs will show “Signed Out Device” instead of their usual device.

How do I turn off DNS filtering for a subset of my users?

To disable DNS filtering for a subset of your users, add those users to an Exception Group.

Last updated 4 days ago